All Categories for Pneumatics
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Frequently Asked Questions
Pneumatics is the study and application of pressurized gas to create motion or perform work. Compressed air is the most commonly used gas in pneumatic systems. The air is stored in a tank, compressed by a compressor, and then distributed throughout a network of tubing, valves, actuators, and other components.
Pneumatics has a wide range of applications, including industrial automation, robotics, transportation, medical devices, and more. Examples include pneumatic cylinders used in manufacturing and packaging machinery, air brakes in trucks and trains, and compressed air tools used in construction and maintenance.
Pneumatic valves control the flow of compressed air in a pneumatic system. There are many types of valves available, including directional control valves, pressure control valves, and flow control valves. These valves work by opening or closing a pathway for air to flow through, controlling the direction, pressure, or rate of flow.
Pneumatic actuators are components that convert the energy of compressed air into mechanical motion. Examples of pneumatic actuators include cylinders, grippers, and rotary actuators. These components work by using the force of compressed air to move a piston or other mechanism that performs work.
A pneumatic filter, regulator, and lubricator (FRL) is a combination of components used to prepare compressed air for use in a pneumatic system. The filter removes moisture, dirt, and other contaminants from the air, while the regulator controls the pressure of the air. The lubricator adds oil to the air to prevent corrosion and reduce friction in the system. Using an FRL is important because it can improve the performance and longevity of pneumatic components.
Selecting the right tubing and fittings for a pneumatic system depends on factors such as the pressure and temperature of the air, the size and shape of the components, and the environment in which the system will be used. Common materials for tubing and fittings include nylon, polyethylene, urethane, and vinyl. Couplings and connectors are used to connect different components together.
Common issues that can occur in a pneumatic system include leaks, insufficient pressure, and malfunctioning valves or actuators. Troubleshooting involves identifying the source of the problem and making necessary repairs or adjustments. Regular maintenance can also prevent issues from occurring, such as checking for leaks and replacing worn components.
Proper maintenance of pneumatic components involves regular inspection, cleaning, and lubrication. Components should be checked for wear or damage and replaced as necessary. Filters and lubricators should be drained and refilled regularly. Proper storage of components can also prevent damage and prolong their lifespan.